Characteristics: Eggs: Females lay eggs on needles. Larvae: After hatching, pale green larvae mine the needles. Older larvae live in silk tubes hidden inside a mass built of silk and frass. Mature larvae have brown bodies and yellowish brown heads and can grow up to 18 millimetres long. Pupae: After maturing, larvae pupate in cells formed in the soil. Adults: Adult moths emerge during the summer and are black and grey in colour. Their wingspan is about 25 millimetres.
Silken masses of needles and frass: As larvae eat, they build a large mass of frass and silk among the needles of the tree branch.
Follow a regular watering, fertilizing, and pruning schedule to keep your trees as healthy as possible to resist attack.
Remove masses from infested branches.